1. Traffic light signals have the following meanings: 
    1. a green circular signal signifies that traffic may proceed; 
    2. a signal of a green arrow in dark circular background signifies that traffic may proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow; a green arrow in additional section of the traffic lights has the same significance (the arrow authorizing to turn left also authorizes to turn around); 
    3. a green flashing signal authorizes traffic to proceed and warns that time is about to finish and that prohibiting signal will soon switch on;
    4. a green signal with a symbol of a pedestrian authorizes pedestrians to proceed; 78.5. a green signal with a symbol of a cyclist authorizes cyclists to proceed;
    5. a green signal with a symbol of a cyclist authorizes cyclists to proceed; 
    6. a green signal with an arrow (arrows) outlined in black authorizes road users to proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow (arrows) and warns that traffic lights have an additional section (sections); 
    7. an amber signal prohibits traffic (except in the cases referred to in paragraphs 29 and 166 of these Rules) and warns that light signals are about to change; if there are arrows outlined in black in the signal, they signify the directions in which traffic may proceed when the green signal appears; 
    8. amber and red signals shown at the same time indicate prohibition of passing and warn that the green signal will soon appear; 
    9. a flashing amber light indicates that passing is allowed and warns that the intersection or pedestrian crossing is not controlled; 
    10. a flashing white light used at level-crossings means that vehicles may proceed after making sure that no rail-borne vehicle is approaching the level-crossing; 
    11. a red signal or two red lights flashing alternately mean that vehicles must not pass; if there are arrows outlined in black on the signal, they inform in which directions vehicles may proceed when the green signal appears; 
    12. a red signal with a symbol of pedestrian means that pedestrians must not pass; 
    13. a red signal with a symbol of a bicycle means that bicycles must not pass; 
    14. a red signal in the form of two inclined crossed bars and a green signal in the form of an arrow pointing downwards (traffic light in reverse) prohibit or authorize the passing of vehicles along the lane over which they are placed. If the traffic light in reverse has an amber arrow pointing diagonally downwards to the left or to the right, the arrow means that the lane is about to be closed to traffic and that road users on that lane must immediately move over to the lane indicated by the arrow. When traffic lights are off or the yellow signal is on, road users must not enter the lane marked by a double broken line. 
  2. Traffic lights are arranged vertically with the signals placed downwards in the following order: red, amber, green. If necessary, traffic lights may be arranged horizontally: red on the left, amber in the middle, and green on the right (traffic lights in reverse). Road users must conform to the signals (including supplementary signals of the same significance) arranged in the direction of their movement and designated for them. 
  3. If there is an additional section with a green arrow next to the green light signal, traffic may proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow only after the signal in this section appears. 
  4. If the traffic lights at the intersection have a metal plate with a green arrow attached next to the red light, vehicles may turn right when the red light is on, but a driver a driver must stop in front of the Stop line, if there is no Stop line a driver must stop in front of the pedestrian crossing, provided that they give way and not endanger vehicles in the traffic stream they are joining and pedestrians crossing the road.
  5. Signals given by traffic officers shall have the following meanings: 
    1. Arms extended sideways or down:
      1. vehicles on the left and right side may pass straight and turn right, pedestrians may cross the carriageway; 
      2. vehicles and pedestrians in the front and at the back must not proceed; 
    2. Right arm extended forward: 
      1. vehicles from the left side may proceed in all directions; 
      2. vehicles from the front may proceed only to the right; 
      3. vehicles from the back and the right side must not proceed; 
      4. pedestrians may cross the carriageway behind the traffic officer's back; 
    3. Arm raised upwards: 
      1. all road users must not proceed in any direction; 
      2. drivers must stop the vehicles without changing lanes. 
  6. Drivers must stop the vehicles and pedestrians must stop walking when the authorized officer (traffic officer) gives a signal: waves the traffic officer's baton or a traffic paddle with reflecting surface turned at the road user or orders to stop with a loudspeaker. STOP signal may be indicated by the light-board mounted on a car marked by special colours and carrying a label of the respective service. To attract the attention of road users the authorized officer (traffic officer) may give a signal with a whistle. Having received the signal, the driver must immediately stop the vehicle in the indicated place; if no place is indicated the vehicle must be stopped on the right shoulder; if no shoulder is available, the vehicle must be stopped at the right edge of the carriageway. 
  7. Light signals may be supplemented by audible signals to inform blind pedestrians that it is safe to cross the carriageway. 
  8. Red light signal on level-crossings is supplemented by an audible signal. 

Last updated: 04-12-2023